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Coleco Gemini

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Coleco Gemini

The Coleco Gemini

Manufacturer
Coleco

Type
Video game console

Generation
Second generation

Media
ROM cartridge

CPU
MOS 6507 @ 1.19 MHz

Memory
RAM: 128 bytes

Display
160×200, 128 Colors [1]

Controller input
Combination joystick/paddle controller

Related articles
Atari 2600

The Coleco Gemini is an Atari 2600 clone manufactured by Coleco in 1982.[2][3]

Contents

1 Technical specifications
2 History
3 Gemini vs. 2600
4 References
5 External links

Technical specifications[edit]

Processor: 8-bit 6507
CPU speed: 1.19 MHz
RAM: 128 bytes
Resolution: 160×200, 128 Colors [1]

History[edit]
In 1982, Coleco released Expansion Module #1 for its ColecoVision video game system using off-the-shelf components, that enabled the ColecoVision to be compatible with the Atari 2600. Later that year, Atari, Inc. sued Coleco for patent infringement,[4] and the companies wound up settling out of court with Coleco becoming a licensee of Atari’s patents.[5][6]
Gemini vs. 2600[edit]
The main difference between the Coleco Gemini and the Atari 2600 is the controller design. The Coleco Gemini controllers (dubbed the ‘Dual Command’) featured an 8-way joystick and a 270-degree paddle on the same controller (the joystick was at the top of the controller, and the paddle was at the bottom of the controller). To play paddle games on the 2600, a Y-connector could be used to connect a joystick and paddles to the controller jack at the same time, rather than physically swapping controllers.[7]
The Gemini was much more compact than the large faux-woodgrain consoles sold by Atari at the time. The Gemini also had a different game included with the system. Atari was still including the Combat game released in 1977. The Gemini most commonly included Donkey Kong, but at some point also included Carnival, Mouse Trap and Front Line. Sears also offered a version of the Gemini with both Donkey Kong and Mouse Trap included as separate cartridges.
Coleco struck a deal with Columbia House to start a video game club similar to its record club. Columbia sold the Coleco Gemini as the Columbia Home Arcade through the Columbia House Video Game Club. In Canada, CBS Electronics sold the Gemini under the Columbia Home
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Dante da Maiano

Dante da Maiano was a late thirteenth-century poet who composed mainly sonnets in Italian and Occitan. He was an older contemporary of Dante Alighieri and active in Florence.
He may have been a Provençal- or Auvergnat-speaker from Maillane (the birthplace of Frédéric Mistral), but more probably he was from the Tuscan village of Maiano near Fiesole. In 1882 Adolfo Borgognoni argued that he was an invention of Renaissance philology, but met with the opposition of F. Novati in 1883 and Giovanni Bertacchi in 1896. Bertacchi argued that Dante da Maiano was the same person as the Dante Magalante, son of ser Ugo da Maiano, who appears in a public record of 1301. At the time this Dante was living in the monastery of San Benedetto in Alpe and was requested in mundualdum by a relative of his, Lapa, widow of Vanni di Chello Davizzi, to be her tutor. That a Dante da Maiano existed during the lifetime of Dante Alighieri and that he was capable of “tutoring” was thus established, but the identification with the poet could not be made certain. Santorre Debenedetti finally disproved Borgognoni’s thesis in 1907.[1] He discovered two Occitan sonnets ascribed to Dante da Maiano in a fifteenth-century Italian manuscript conserved in the Biblioteca Laurentiana, Florence.[2]
Almost all Dante’s extant work is preserved in the Giuntina (or “Junte”), a Florentine chansonnier compiled in 1527 under the title Sonetti e canzoni di diversi avtori toscani in dieci libri raccolte by Filippo Giunti.[3] His total work is some forty-eight sonnets, five ballate, two canzoni, and a series of tenzoni with Dante Alighieri.[1] He was influenced by the troubadours (notably Bernart de Ventadorn), the Sicilian School and in particular Giacomo da Lentini, the Tuscan School of Guittone d’Arezzo, and the later dolce stil novo, though he belongs to none of these. Rosanna Betarrini calls his work a “pastiche” and Antonio Enzo Quaglio a silloge archeologica della produzione anteriore e contemporanea (“an archaeological collection of past and contemporary production”).[4]
Dante da Maiano wrote a sonnet in response to A ciascun’ alma presa e gentil core, the first sonnet in Dante Alighieri’s Vita nuova.[5] There was also a five-part exchange (probably preceding the Vita nuova) called the duol d’amore (“dolour of love”), in which Dante da Maiano wrote three pieces and Dante Alighieri responded to the first two.[6] In a final two-part communication, Dante Alighieri wrote Savere e cortesia, ingegno ed art

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United States Senate Appropriations Subcommittee

U.S. Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs is one of twelve subcommittees of the U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations.

Contents

1 Jurisdiction
2 Members, 110th Congress
3 External links
4 References

Jurisdiction[edit]
This subcommittee is responsible for funding the Department of Veterans Affairs and all construction activities within the Department of Defense, including military family housing. It also funds activities related to base closures and realignments, the American Battle Monuments Commission, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
Members, 110th Congress[edit]
The Committee is currently chaired by Democrat Tim Johnson[1] of South Dakota, and the Ranking Minority Member is Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison, of Texas.

Majority

Member
State

Tim Johnson, Chairman
South Dakota

Daniel Inouye
Hawaii

Mary Landrieu
Louisiana

Robert Byrd
West Virginia

Patty Murray
Washington

Jack Reed
Rhode Island

Ben Nelson
Nebraska

Minority

Member
State

Kay Bailey Hutchison, Ranking Member
Texas

Larry Craig
Idaho

Sam Brownback
Kansas

Wayne Allard
Colorado

Mitch McConnell
Kentucky

Robert F. Bennett
Utah

External links[edit]

U.S. Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies official web site

References[edit]

^ Jack Reed (D-RI) is interim chairman of the Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Subcommittee while Tim Johnson undergoes rehabilitation for his medical condition

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Appropriations
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