Ettan is a popular brand of Swedish snus – a pasteurized smokeless tobacco product. Founded in 1822, as “Ljunglöf’s No. 1”, Ettan is also one of the oldest Swedish brands in existence.
The recipe was created by Mr. Jacob Fredrik Ljunglöf (1796 – 1860) as the factory’s premium quality and has not been changed since 1822. Common practice was to refer to the premium quality as No. 1., (there was also a No. 2, less premium quality). In the Swedish language, “Ettan” can be translated into an everyday way of saying “the first”.
1 Early development of the company
2 The recipe
3 Knut Ljunglöf, son of Jacob, takes over
4 Knut Ljunglöf’s personal life
5 Ettan today
Early development of the company
In 1811, at the age of 14, Jacob Fredrik Ljunglöf started working at a large tobacco factory. In 1821 he took over the same factory, starting to produce snus under his own name. One year later, in 1822 he created the recipe for Ettan. In 1839 Jacob Fredrik Ljunglöf bought the former brewery site on Luntmakargatan 19 in central Stockholm, for the amount of 38,500 Riksdaler Banco and converted it into a snus factory.
In the early 19th century, tobacco was typically fermented at elevated temperatures for up to six months, before becoming snus.
Jacob Ljunglöf had a theory: If the tobacco could be used fresh, it would enhance the flavour. He therefore approached his friend, the world-renowned chemist and scientist, Jacob Berzelius, and asked him for assistance. Together, they invented a new way of producing snus with tobacco, salt water and potash. Rather than taking months to prepare, a batch of snus could now be made in a week. Since then, this has been the predominant method for manufacturing Swedish snus. Realising the value of the new production method, Jacob Fredrik Ljunglöf kept it a secret, writing the formula in a code-format.
The recipe itself is heavily relying on the quality of the ingredients as it consists of only premium tobacco, salt and water.
Knut Ljunglöf, son of Jacob, takes over
Knut Ljunglof 1880
When Jacob Fredrik Ljunglöf died in 1860, he was one of Sweden’s wealthiest men, as being both the co-inventor of the new production method and the man behind the recipe “Ljunglöf’s No. 1”, (now Ettan). His son, Knut Ljunglöf (1833 – 1920), then developed the brand and the factory into an even more successful business. Knut Ljunglöf, commonly known as “Snus-k